Hooray for decay
For decades, fluoride has been held in high regard by the dental community as an important mineral that strengthens tooth enamel, which thereby helps to prevent decay of tooth structures.
Water fluoridation is endorsed by nearly every major health and safety-related organization in the world. Communities make it a standard practice to “fluoridate” their drinking supplies for the general population to benefit from this inexpensive and effective preventative treatment. According to the American Dental Association, more than 144 million U.S. residents in more than 10,000 communities drink fluoridated water, most from public water supplies with sodium fluoride added artificially.
The proponents of removing fluoride from municipal water sources evidently like dentures. In the 1930s, Americans had an extremely high rate of dental caries (the clinical term for cavities). In those years, by the age of 55 half of all Americans needed dentures, meaning they had lost all or most of their teeth thanks to decay. At 6 years of age in the 30s, 80 percent of children had an average of 14 cavities.
There was a growing flood of research that showed adding fluoride to water helped prevent decay. Grand Rapids, Michigan was selected as a test city for adding fluoride to the municipal water supply. The results covered 15 years, from 1945 to 1960. They showed a 65 percent decline in tooth decay. End of story. After Grand Rapids, just about all cities around the world adopted water fluoridation and dental health improved.
Bottled water, home water treatment systems, and fluoride exposure
Can the consistent use of bottled water result in individuals missing the benefits of optimally fluoridated water? Can home water treatment systems (e.g., water filters) affect optimally fluoridated water supplies? The answer is yes to both. Read how you can avoid some of the pitfalls that may be preventing you from getting the maximum value of fluoride, in this article from the American Dental Association.
What are the benefits of fluoride treatments?
What’s the benefit of a child not having a mouthful of fillings? What’s the benefit of having strong enamel that fights off bacteria seeking to gain a foothold? There isn’t any debate about the beneficial effect of fluoride for preventing tooth decay. In fact, if 75 years of consistent research and results aren’t enough to convince people of the science behind fluoride, what is?
Fluoride helps remineralize our teeth. That keeps the enamel strong. That helps prevent decay in a big way. That makes for a perfect smile. That’s the benefit of fluoride treatments at Dr. Wiitala’s and across the world. Don’t listen to the pseudo-scientists who make claims without a shred of evidence to back them up.
Does fluoridation also help adult teeth, or is the benefit only for children?
It was long thought that only children really benefitted from fluoride, but that has changed. While children between the ages of 6 months and 16 years get the most benefit from fluoride for preventing decay, fluoride has more recently been shown to help adults with various conditions:
- Dry mouth — Certain diseases, side effects of various medications, and head and neck radiation treatments can make the mouth not produce enough saliva. This condition, dry mouth, makes it harder for food particles to be washed away and acids to be neutralized.
- Gum disease — Gum disease tends to shrink the gums exposing more of the tooth and tooth roots to bacteria.
- History of frequent cavities — If you’ve continued to get cavities every year or two, even into adulthood, fluoride treatments are a good idea as an adult.
- Presence of crowns, bridges, or braces — Various dental prostheses can increase the person’s risk of decay damaging the teeth at the point where the crown meets the underlying tooth structure or around the brackets of orthodontic appliances.
When do children need fluoride the most?
Children between 6 months and 16 years need fluoride to help build their teeth. This is proven by dozens of research studies.
How often should a child get a fluoride treatment?
Fluoride treatments are recommended by the American Dental Association to be at intervals of 3, 6, or 12 months, depending on your proclivity toward developing decay.
How is fluoride treatment done at Dr. Wiitala’s?
Dr. Wiitala provides fluoride treatments at our Scottsdale offices as a gel, foam, or varnish. Varnishes are painted on the teeth; foams are put into a mouth guard, which is worn from one to four minutes; gels can be painted on or applied via a mouthguard.
ADA statement on FDA toothpaste warning labels
The American Dental Association`s Council on Scientific Affairs believes that one part of the warning now required on fluoride toothpaste by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) could unnecessarily frighten parents and children and that the label greatly overstates any demonstrated or potential danger posed by fluoride toothpaste. The label language, “If you accidentally swallow more than used for brushing, seek professional help or contact a poison control center immediately,” is now required on all fluoride toothpaste. But the ADA, in a letter sent to the FDA last year, pointed out that a child could not absorb enough fluoride from toothpaste to cause a serious problem and that the excellent safety record on fluoride toothpaste argues against any unnecessary regulation.
According to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, a child may face a condition called enamel fluorosis if he or she receives too much fluoride during the years of tooth development. Too much fluoride can result in defects in tooth enamel.
How does fluoride protect the teeth?
Think of your mouth as if it’s a mine. Everyday minerals are coming and going. Minerals are added to and lost from a tooth’s enamel layer through two processes, demineralization and remineralization. Demineralization is the problem. Minerals are lost from a tooth’s enamel layer when acids, formed from the bacteria in plaque and sugars in the mouth, attack the enamel. Fortunately, when you eat foods and drink water, minerals such as fluoride, calcium, and phosphate remineralize the teeth. Therein lies the ongoing battle — too much demineralization without remineralization results in tooth decay.
As mentioned above, fluoride occurs naturally in many foods and water. It helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth enamel more resistant to those acids from bacteria and sugars in the mouth. Fluoride also has the cool effect of reversing early cases of decay. For kids under 6, fluoride becomes incorporated into the development of permanent teeth. This makes the teeth resistant to the assault of acids to demineralize the teeth. Fluoride also speeds remineralization and disrupts acid production in the mouth.
What happens if a person gets too much fluoride?
There is such a thing as too much of a good thing. That’s true of eating cake. It’s also true with fluoride. Although fluoride is the best way to prevent decay and cavities, too much fluoride can result in what is called fluorosis. Fluorosis is a cosmetic condition that affects the teeth. It’s caused by too much fluoride during the first eight years of a child’s life. The affected teeth may appear mildly discolored. More severe cases have more pronounced staining and other cosmetic issues such as surface irregularities.
But fluorosis isn’t something that occurs from fluoride in municipal water supplies. It’s usually the case of inappropriate use of fluoride-containing dental products such as toothpaste and mouth rinses. Sometimes, children enjoy the taste of their fluoridated toothpaste so much that they swallow it instead of spitting it out. Also, fluoride supplements can be a problem. A little parental vigilance is usually all that’s necessary for preventing fluorosis.
How can you tell if there is too much fluoride in your water?
There isn’t, and it’s not an issue. Municipal water supplies are rigorously tested to be sure the amount of fluoride is enough to help prevent decay, but far from enough to cause anything close to fluorosis. Switching to all bottled water only exposes your children’s teeth to a much higher risk of developing decay.
CDC website provides information on community water fluoridation
People seeking information on whether their water system is fluoridated can now find out by visiting a new website at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The new feature, “My Water`s Fluoride,” allows consumers in participating states to check out basic information about their water system, including the number of people served by the system and the target fluoridation level. Optimal levels recommended by the U.S. Public Health Service and CDC for drinking water range from 0.7 parts per million (ppm) for warmer climates, to 1.2 ppm for cooler climates accounting for the tendency to drink more water in warmer climates. States that are currently participating include Arizona, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Nevada, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.
Schedule Your Consultation Today
If you’re interested in learning more about fluoride treatment please contact us for a consultation at (480) 657-6981 or fill out our contact us form. We will discuss your needs and concerns, and determine your best course of action.